JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

P (Space and Planetary Sciences ) » P-PS Planetary Sciences

[P-PS07] Solar System Small Bodies: Explorations of Ryugu, Bennu, and the Solar System at Large

convener:Taishi Nakamoto(Tokyo Institute of Technology), Tatsuaki Okada(Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Dante S Lauretta(University of Arizona), Masateru Ishiguro(Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University)

[PPS07-P09] Temperature variations of boulders on Ryugu observed in Hayabusa2 decent operations

*Ayumu Ohsugi1, Naoya Sakatani2, Yuri Shimaki2, Hiroki Senshu3, Takehiko Arai4, Hirohide Demura5, Satoshi Tanaka2, Tetsuya Fukuhara6, Tatsuaki Okada1,2 (1.The University of Tokyo, 2.Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3.Planetary Exploration Research Center, Chiba Institute of Technology, 4.Faculty of Engineering, Department of Innovative Engineering, Division of Systems and Information Engineering, Ashikaga University, 5.Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Aizu, 6.Department of Physics, College of Science, Rikkyo University)

Keywords:Hayabusa2, Ryugu, C-type asteroid , The thermal infrared imager, Temperature variations, Boulder

C-type asteroids are considered to be parent bodies of carbonaceous chondrites and formed from fragments of undifferentiated celestial bodies. The carbonaceous chondrites are enriched in volatile species such as carbon, organics, and water thus thought to be the most primitive chondrites. The elemental abundance of the carbonaceous chondrites is consistent with that of the sun. The asteroid explorer Hayabusa2 has been accomplished its asteroid proximity phase operations, unraveling poorly known connections between the C-type asteroids and the carbonaceous chondrites.

The purpose of the Hayabusa2 mission is not only to obtain samples of the C-type asteroid 162173 Ryugu but also to acquire lots of information about Ryugu [1]. After arrival at Ryugu, the Hayabusa2 has performed a variety of science observations using remote sensing instruments such as Optical Navigation Camera (ONC), Near-Infrared Spectrometer (NIRS3), and Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) to characterize Ryugu. The observations by the Thermal Infrared Imager (TIR) [2], a mid-infrared thermographic camera mounted on Hayabusa2, allow us to analyze the digital thermal images which indicate the thermal radiation from Ryugu in order to determine the physical state of the asteroid surface.

TIR has a field of view (FOV) of 16.7°×12.7° and the effective pixels of the detector of 328×248, resulting in the spatial resolution about 0.051° per pixel [2]. A temperature range that TIR can cover is 150 to 460 K and the well-calibrated temperature range is 230 to 420 K.

Global thermal images of Ryugu indicate low thermal inertia, suggesting a highly porous physical state of the surface relative to typical carbonaceous chondrites, even for large boulders [3]. Close-up thermal images taken during the descent operations show that most of the surface is also covered with highly porous boulders, but some boulders are obviously more consolidated like typical carbonaceous chondrites.

In this study, we investigated temperature variations of boulders and their physical state in the specific regions. We used the high-resolution thermal images taken below the altitude of 500 m during the descent operations for the release of MINERVA rovers on 21st September 2018, the release of MASCOT lander on 3rd October 2018, the touchdown rehearsals (TD1-R1A on 15th October 2018 and TD1-R3 on 25th October 2018), the first touchdown (TD1) on 21st February 2019, and the close-up observations around the second touchdown candidate region (DO-S01) on 8th March 2019. We measured the temperatures of individual boulders on these areas using the TIR images. We will report and discuss the details of the results of the temperature variations of surface boulders of these above regions on asteroid Ryugu.

Acknowledgments: The authors appreciate Dr. Koji Matsumoto and Kyoko Yamamoto at the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan for the use of the LIDAR corrected trajectory of the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. This study is partly supported by the JSPS Kakenhi No. JP17H06459 (Aqua Planetology) and the JSPS Core-to-Core Program “International Network of Planetary Sciences”.

References: [1] Watanabe S. et al., Science 464, 268-272 (2019), [2] Okada, T. et al., Space Sci. Rev., 208, 255-286 (2017), [3] Okada, T. et al., Nature (accepted).