[SGL33-P10] Visualization of a high-strain shear zone based on a field survey for minor faults: A case study of southern Kyushu, Japan
Keywords:high-strain shear zone, stress tensor inversion, minor faults, southern Kyushu
In this study, we focused on existing minor faults to clarify a geological evidence of the shear zone suggested by geodetic studies. Basement rocks in the study area are mostly composed of sandstone and mudstone of the Shimanto accretionary complex, and are with a minor exposure of the Miocene Shibi-san Granodiorite (Yoneda and Iwamatsu, 1987, J. Geol. Soc. Japan). Mesoscale fault zones with clayey gouge and cataclasite are rare in the study area. Instead, minor faults cutting bedding planes and deformation structures subparallel to the bedding (such as mélange fabric), suggesting the formation clearly after the accretion of the Shimanto accretionary complex, are commonly observed. Slip directions can be examined from striations along the minor faults. Striations are also often identified along joints in the massive sandstone. Based on orientation data of these striations, we applied stress tensor inversion techniques (Yamaji, 2000, J. Struct. Geol.; Yamaji and Sato, 2012, Comp. Geosci.) to elucidate stress states. Our field survey in northwestern Kagoshima (22 × 16 km) revealed an occurrence of the E-W trending zone of ∼2 km wide showing a stress state consistent with the sinistral high-strain shear zone (NE-SW compression and NW-SE extension). This zone largely overlaps the aftershock distribution of the 1997 Northwestern Kagoshima Earthquake. This study can contribute to one of helpful approaches to examine potential future activities of faults (or shear zones) without clear tectonic landforms.
This study was funded by METI, Japan as part of its R&D program supporting development of technology for geological disposal of HLW.