JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020

Presentation information

[E] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences ) » S-SS Seismology

[S-SS03] Seismological advances in the ocean

convener:Takashi Tonegawa(Research and Development center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Akuhara(Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Pascal Audet(University of Ottawa), Taka'aki Taira(Berkeley Seismological Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley)

[SSS03-P10] Similar earthquake activity in the northern part of the Ryukyu subduction zone observed by onshore and offshore seismic data

*Yukihiro Nakatani1, Hiroshi Yakiwara1, Shuichiro Hirano2, Reiji Kobayashi2, Hiroki Miyamachi2, Shigeru Nakao2, Yusuke Yamashita3, Kazunari Uchida4, Takeshi Matsushima4, Hiroshi Shimizu4, Kazuo Nakahigashi5, Tomoaki Yamada6, Hideji Abe7, Masanao Shinohara7 (1.Nansei-Toko Observatory for Earthquakes and Volcanoes, Kagoshima University, 2.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, 3.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 4.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, 5.Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 6.Japan Meteorological Agency, 7.Earthquake Research Institute, the University of Tokyo)

Keywords:OBS observation, the Ryukyu subduction zone, similar earthquakes

In the northern part of the Nansei Islands, regular and slow earthquake activities associated with subduction of the Philippine Sea plate have been observed by onshore seismic and geodetic network. By contrast, no earthquakes with magnitude 7 or more have occurred since the 1911 Kikaijima earthquake of magnitude 8.0. In comparison with other subduction zones around Japan, spatial patterns of regular and slow earthquakes and relationship between seismic gaps and past large earthquakes are less well understood in this region. The biggest reason is due to observational constraints; seismic stations are located only at the islands that are linearly arranged along the arc and far away from the Ryukyu Trench.
We have conducted annual repeating long-term ocean bottom seismographic observation off the northern part of the Nansei Islands over the past five years. By integrating six ocean bottom seismometers data with station interval of 40-60 km, the accuracy of hypocenters, especially in focal depths, has been improved and geometry of the subducting plate interface is becoming clear. In addition, shallow low-frequency tremors have been also detected which may show a complementary spatial distribution to active seismic regions.
In this study, we investigate similar earthquakes which occur along the plate interface using both onshore and offshore seismic data. In order to obtain small-magnitude offshore earthquakes, we apply a matched-filter technique to continuous waveform data. As a result of the year 2017, we identify three types of similar earthquake families; repeating-type, burst-type, and mixed-type. These similar earthquake families occur at around 20 km depth of the plate interface. This result suggests the similar earthquake activity locates on the down-dip side of the observed tremor activity. In this presentation, we extend the analytical period and discuss the characteristics of the similar earthquake families.

Acknowledgements: This work is supported by Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program, the MEXT of Japan and by ERI JURP.