JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-AS Atmospheric Sciences, Meteorology & Atmospheric Environment

[A-AS05] [EE] Contributions of local and long-range transport to air pollutants in mega-cities

Thu. May 25, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 301A (International Conference Hall 3F)

convener:Hongliang Zhang(Louisiana State University), Jianlin Hu(NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology), Sri Harsha Kota(Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati), Jia Xing(Tsinghua University), Chairperson:Jianlin Hu(NUIST Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology), Chairperson:Jia Xing(Tsinghua University)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[AAS05-11] Characterization and regional transport of PM2.5 in different Indian metropolises

*Sri Harsha Kota1, Shovan Kumar Sahu1, Hongliang Zhang2 (1.Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, US.)

Keywords:India, long range tansport, back trajectory, PM2.5

Indian cities are facing severe air pollution with 18 cities among the top 50 most polluted cities in the world as reported by WHO in 2016. This paper studies the seasonal variations of PM2.5 from June 2015 to May 2016 in seven Indian metropolises including New Delhi and Lucknow in north India, Patna in east India, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad in south India, and Mumbai in west India. Correlations of PM2.5 with other criteria pollutants and meteorological parameters were studied. PM2.5 showed a stronger co-relation with NO2 in winter and SO2 in monsoon. PM2.5 concentrations were the highest during winter and lowest in monsoon except in Chennai where highest concentrations were in monsoon. Cities in northern and eastern India had higher concentrations than other cities. Three days back trajectory was obtained at heights of 500 m to determine the transport of regional sources. Cluster analysis using k-means clustering algorithm was performed for each city. A concentration weighted trajectory analysis was carried out to understand potential regions of higher concentrations. In winter, potential regions are north-west for Delhi, Lucknow and Patna, south-east for Chennai, Hyderabad, and Mumbai, and north-east for Mumbai. The differences between local and regional sources on hours with extreme concentrations were also identified. In winter, significant long range transport is evident for PM2.5 in Delhi, Lucknow and Bangalore.