[AHW32-P11] The community composition and diversity of epilithic bacterium and microalgae in a Japanese river system during irrigation season
Keywords:bacterium, microalgae, 16S, MiSeq
The sequence data of amplicons after amplification of 16S hypervariable regions 3 were obtained by a MiSeq (Illumina) sequencer to collate with SILVA database using the USEARCH package and the pipeline. The yield of the amplification was so low at one of the 30 sites that the analysis was made at 29 sites for the OTU analysis. Because cyanobacterial OTUs comprised 342 OTUs in a total of 5545 OTUs, the rests were assumed as heterotrophic bacterium and were grouped separately. As high as 180 species of microalgae were also discriminated by an optical microscopy. The spatial distribution of both bacterial OTUs and microalgae indicates a cluster of upper stream sites where the concentration of phycoerythrin seems to be high. So, some environmental gradient is supposed to induce such site-specific distribution of bacterium, microalgae and phycobilin pigments. Non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) showed that the distribution of autotrophic microbes, that are cyanobacterium and microalgae, have a significant correlation with water temperature, dissolved organic carbon, altitude, water current, land use, and turbidity, though cyanobacterium also have a significant correlation with pH whereas microalgae has a significant correlation with DO. In addition to water temperature, dissolved organic carbon, altitude, water current, land use, and turbidity, the stream order is included in significant factors for the distribution of heterotrophic bacterium.