JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-HW Hydrology & Water Environment

[A-HW32] [EE] Biodiversity, nutrients and other materials in ecosystems from headwaters to coasts

Sat. May 20, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Noboru Okuda(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Shin-ichi Onodera(Graduate School of Integrated and Arts Sciences, Hiroshima University), Tohru Ikeya(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Adina Paytan(University of California Santa Cruz)

[AHW32-P13] Stream Benthic Macroinvertebrates Response to Water Quality of Urban and Rural Areas of the Marikina Watershed

*Aleziz Kryzzien Villanueva Tan1, Alexis Elegino Belen1, Cristine Perez1, Gelsie Rose Buenaventura1, Elfritzson Martin Peralta2, Irisse Bianca Baldovino De Jesus3,2, Paul Palomares4, Jonathan Carlo Briones1,2,3, Tohru Ikeya5, Francis Magbanua4, Rey Donne Papa1,2,3, Noboru Okuda5 (1.University of Santo Tomas, Department of Biological Sciences College of Science, 2.Research Center for Natural and Applied Sciences, 3.The Graduate School, University of Santo Tomas, Espana Boulevard, Metro Manila, Philippines, 4.Institute of Biology, University of the Philippines Dileman, Quezon City, Philippines, 5.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kitu-ku, Motoyama, Kyoto, Japan)

Keywords:bioindicators, benthic macroinvertebrates, urbanization

The Marikina Watershed is located at the north-eastern part of the province of Rizal and is comprised of five municipalities: Antipolo, Baras, Rodriguez, San Mateo, and Tanay. But due to the rise of population and urbanization of the country, some of the areas of the Marikina Watershed were affected and the water quality has drastically changed. This study aims to evaluate the response of benthic macroinvertebrates to streams with different physicochemical conditions along the Marikina Watershed and to identify these benthic macroinvertebrates down to the lowest possible taxa. Sixteen sites were chosen for this study with sites U1-U8 near urban communities and sites R1-R8 near rural communities. The physicochemical parameters were tested on-site and benthic macroinvertebrates were sampled using a Surber Sampler. It was found that species from orders Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera, and Coleoptera were more abundant in sites R1-R8 than sites U1-U8. Dipterans, such as chironomids and simuliids were more abundant in sites U1-U8 than sites R1-R8. This is due to the pollution tolerance of the benthic macroinvertebrates; dipterans are more resistant to pollution meaning that species under Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera, and Coleoptera are good bioindicators for pollution. It was found that the increase in urban communities negatively influenced the benthic macroinvertebrate community and therefore poses a serious threat to the biodiversity of the organisms found in the inland water areas of the country.