JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Poster

A (Atmospheric and Hydrospheric Sciences) » A-OS Ocean Sciences & Ocean Environment

[A-OS21] [JJ] The dynamics of freshwater discharge - rivers, estuaries, and along coasts

Mon. May 22, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Shinichiro Kida(Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University), Dai Yamazaki(JAMSTEC - Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yoshimasa Matsumura(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Yosuke Yamashiki(Global Water Resources Assessment Laboratory - Yamashiki Laboratory Graduate School of Advanced Integrated Studies in Human Survivability Kyoto University)

[AOS21-P02] Phosphorus in groundwater discharge to the ocean – A potential source for coral reef degradation

*Jun Yasumoto1, Masashi Nozaki2, Ko Yasumoto3, Mina Yasumoto Hirose4, Mariko Iijima3 (1.Faculty of Agriculuture, University of the Ryukyus, 2.Graduate School of Agriculture, University of the Ryukyus, 3.School of Marine Bioscience, Kitasato University, 4.Tropical Technology Plus)

Keywords:Phosphorus, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, groundwater, coral reefs

Phosphorus, the main ingredient of fertilizer, is a limiting factor for sustainable primary production and is recognized as a major source for eutrophication of lakes, estuaries, and watersheds. Phosphorus in the water environment exists in various forms, and its transport form have been remained in many regions. Many sequential extraction methods have been proposed for morphological fractionation of phosphate in soil, but there are problems such as not being usable for morphological classification of polyphosphate and organic phosphorus. However, in recent years, One-dimensional (1D) solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) is currently the tool of choice for molecular-level characterization of organic P in soils 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-NMR) as a morphological separation method of phosphorus in soil in fields such as soil fertilizer has been conducted. In this method, it is possible to classify phosphate in a form which was difficult to classify by the continuous extraction method.
In the present study, 31P-NMR and Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) are used to understand a characteristic of the transport form of phosphate in soil and groundwater. In addition, we estimated the phosphorus load through groundwater to the coral reefs sea region of Okinawa through field measurement and numerical simulations, and investigated the effect of phosphate on in vivo skeleton formation of primary polyp for hard coral Acropora digitifera.