JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Oral

B (Biogeosciences) » B-PT Paleontology

[B-PT03] [EE] Biomineralization and the Geochemistry of Proxies -Field ecology, Laboratory culture and Paleo

Sat. May 20, 2017 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 201B (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Takashi Toyofuku(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)), Hiroshi Kitazato(University Reform Office, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum f?r Polar- und Meeresforschung), Chairperson:Hiroshi Kitazato(University Reform Office, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology (TUMSAT)), Chairperson:Jelle Bijma(Alfred-Wegener-Institut Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[BPT03-06] Late Holocene and Present Tropical Atlantic Ocean sewater temperature comparison based on stable isotopic proxies

Priscila M Gonçalves2, *Ruy K Kikuchi1 (1.UFBA Federal University of Bahia, 2.IFBA Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology)

Keywords:corals, stable isotopes, Tropical Western Atlantic Ocean

The Atmosphere and the Ocean are shown to be warming, in average, in the last century. However, locally this trend might not be the rule. In the Tropical Western Atlantic, long temperature time series are lacking and temperature proxies, such as δ18O obtained from coral skeletons are still on the process of being validated. Here we show results of an investigation on oxygen isotopes of 2 ky old coral skeletons from 13S in the Brazilian coastline. We investigated present and 2 ky old specimens of Mussismilia braziliensis and Siderastrea spp. (endemic) corals and show the effectiveness of recent Mussismilia braziliensis species as current environmental conditions archive of seawater temperature. Based on this relationship, we show that temperature seasonality in the Late Holocene was similar to what is experienced in the present, although the contrast between warm and cold months was smaller in the Late Holocene than in the present. Furthermore the temperature in the late Holocene may have been about 0.2°C warmer, differing from the global trend.