[PCG24-P07] Variations of ion escape from the past to present at Mars
Keywords:Mars, Ion escape, Atmospheric escape
The magnetic field is also an important factor in determining the ion escape rate. The present Mars does not have intrinsic global magnetic field, but is leaving the magnetism in its crust, which is known as the crustal magnetic field. The existence of crustal field suggests that Mars had a global magnetic field of interior origin in the past and the different escape mechanism from the present. The magnitude was perhaps about 0.1 G which is corresponding to the strength of the present magnetic field of the Earth's surface (Curtis and Ness, 1988).
We present the ion escape rates calculated by different magnetic configurations and solar conditions, and compare the results with the Terada et al. (2009) ones. The three-dimension and multi-species magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) modeling are used for the simulation. We will discuss the variation of escape rate due to the differences of magnitude of magnetic field, solar XUV irradiances, and solar wind density.
Curtis, S. A., and N. F. Ness (1988), Remanent magnetism at Mars, Geophys. Res. Lett., 15, 737-739, doi:10.1029/GL015i008p00737.
Terada, N., et al. (2009), Atmosphere and water loss from early Mars under extreme solar wind and extreme ultraviolet conditions, Astrobiology, 9, 55-70, doi:10.1089/ast.2008.0250.