2:45 PM - 3:00 PM
[MAG34-17] Regional-scale oceanic simulations of 137Cs, 90Sr, 3H radioactivity directly released by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident
Keywords:Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident , regional ocean model, direct release, radiocaesium, radiostrontium, tritium
Direct release rate of 137Cs were estimated by comparing simulated results and measured activities adjacent to the 1F NPP site (adjacent to 5,6 discharge and south discharge). Direct release rate of 137Cs was estimated to be 2.2 x 1014 Bq/day and decreased exponentially with time to be 3.9 x109 Bq/day by 26 October 2015. Estimated direct release rate have exponentially decreased with constant rate since 4 November 2011. Apparent half-life of direct release rate was estimated to be 346 days. The estimated total amounts of directly released 137Cs was 3.6±0.7 PBq from 26 March 2011 to 26 October 2015. Simulated 137Cs activities attributable to direct release were in good agreement with observed activities, a result that implies the estimated direct release rate was reasonable. Simulated 137Cs activity affected off coast in the Fukushima prefecture.
90Sr/137Cs activity ratio of stagnant water was 0.05 in the basement of the 1F NPP reactor 2 turbine building on 27 March 2011. Direct release rate of 90Sr was estimated to be 1.1 x 1013 Bq/day from 26 March to 6 April 2011 using the activity ratio in stagnant water because the stagnant water released to the ocean in this period (Tsumune et al., 2012). And the temporal change of direct release rate was estimated by the measured 90Sr activity adjacent to 1F NPP. Directly release rate decreased exponentially to 3.9 x 1010 Bq/day by 30 April 2011. The direct release rate was constant and decreased exponentially from 27 June to 16 December 2013. And the direct release rate was 2.9 x 109 Bq/day by 26 October 2015. The estimated total amounts of directly released 90Sr was 208 ± 42 TBq.
3H/137Cs activity ratio of stagnant water was 8.7 x 10-3 in the basement of the 1F NPP reactor 2 turbine building on 27 March 2011. Directly release rate of 3H was estimated to be 1.9 x 1012 Bq/day from 26 March to 6 April 2011 and decreased exponentially by 16 April 2011. The rate was decreased exponentially with constant rate by 26 October 2015. The direct release rate was estimated to be 7.7 x 109 Bq/day at 26 October 2015. The estimated total amounts of directly released 3H was 131 ± 26 TBq.