11:15 AM - 11:30 AM
[MIS23-03] Late Holocene flooding history reconstructed from GDGTs in Beppu Bay sediments
Keywords:typhoon, flooding, PDO
Branched GDGTs in soils have less methyl group (higher MBT) and less cyclic structures (higher CBT) than estuary and basin GDGTs. Soil and estuary sediments have more branched GDGTs (higher BIT) than basin sediments. GDGT compositions are, thus, useful to identify the provenance of sediments in Beppu Bay cores.
In core BP09-3, 18 thick and 55 thin event layers were recognized by visual, soft X ray and CT-scan descriptions, and the sediment ages were determined by 42 radiocarbon dates of molluscan shells (Kuwae et al., 2011). Most of major event layers showed higher BIT than hemipelagites. Some of them have high MBT and CBT values which correspond to those of soils. We interpret that they originated directly from the surface soils via Oita and Ohno Rivers, most likely by typhoon-induced flooding. Historical records support this interpretation.
UK37’ in the study core showed decadal-scale variation in temperature (PDO). More than two third of flooding events occurred when temperature was rising (transition from positive to negative PDO). These results suggest that the spatial pattern of North Pacific sea surface temperature is a key factor controlling typhoon activity.