JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS23] [JJ] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 22, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A11 (Tokyo Bay Makuhari Hall)

convener:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chairperson:Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS23-03] Late Holocene flooding history reconstructed from GDGTs in Beppu Bay sediments

*Masanobu Yamamoto1, Michinobu Kuwae2, Yudai Segawa1, Tomohisa Irino1, Ken Ikehara3, Keiji Takemura4 (1.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Center for Marine Environmental Studies, Ehime University, 3.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Sceince and Technology, 4.Institute for Geothermal Science, Kyoto University)

Keywords:typhoon, flooding, PDO

Reconstruction of flooding events is a recent issue of paleoclimatology. We developed the use of GDGT compositions to identify flooding sediments in marine cores and generated a 2900-year long record of flooding in Beppu Bay area, northern Kyushu, Japan by analysing 457 sediments (2-cm interval) of core BP09-3 retrieved in Beppu Bay basin. We also analysed 74 soils in the watershed areas of Oita and Ohno Rivers and 35 estuary sediments for comparison.
Branched GDGTs in soils have less methyl group (higher MBT) and less cyclic structures (higher CBT) than estuary and basin GDGTs. Soil and estuary sediments have more branched GDGTs (higher BIT) than basin sediments. GDGT compositions are, thus, useful to identify the provenance of sediments in Beppu Bay cores.
In core BP09-3, 18 thick and 55 thin event layers were recognized by visual, soft X ray and CT-scan descriptions, and the sediment ages were determined by 42 radiocarbon dates of molluscan shells (Kuwae et al., 2011). Most of major event layers showed higher BIT than hemipelagites. Some of them have high MBT and CBT values which correspond to those of soils. We interpret that they originated directly from the surface soils via Oita and Ohno Rivers, most likely by typhoon-induced flooding. Historical records support this interpretation.
UK37’ in the study core showed decadal-scale variation in temperature (PDO). More than two third of flooding events occurred when temperature was rising (transition from positive to negative PDO). These results suggest that the spatial pattern of North Pacific sea surface temperature is a key factor controlling typhoon activity.