JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS23] [JJ] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM IC (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chairperson:Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS23-27] Dramatic oceanic sulfur-isotopic shift event at the Early Eocene

*Chiharu Nakase2, Takashi Hasegawa1, Akiko S. Goto1, Kotaro Toyama1, Ryo Okino3 (1.Faculty of Natural System, Institute of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, 2.Division of Global Environmental Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, 3.Mitsubishi Material Techno Co.Ltd.)

Keywords:sulfur isotope, Eocene, sulfur, sulfate ion, barite

Oceanic sulfate is a huge reservoir of sulfur on the earth surface with its residence time as long as >10 myr. Paytan et al. (1998: Science) showed temporal variation of sulfur isotope value (δ34S) of oceanic sulfate that was summarized based on the analytical results of pelagic barite from deep sea sediments. They revealed conspicuous positive δ34S shift (17 to 22‰) within a short period of time (~1 myr) across 50 Ma.
Ogawa et al. (2009: EPSL, 285) reported continuous deposition of pyrite-rich sediments through 55 to 45 Ma from ACEX core (IODP EXP. 302) and suggested deposition of vast quantity of pyrite on the sea floor of Arctic Ocean during Eocene that could explain 3‰ of positive δ34S shift of entire ocean. However, it was still inconsistent with the enigmatic positive shift mentioned above from the standpoint of its duration and size. The temporal variation of oceanic sulfate is also required to be verified through this interval.
The objective of this research is to clarify the global temporal variation of δ34S of oceanic sulfate through Early-Middle Eocene and discuss the inconsistency between duration and magnitude of positive δ34S shift between δ34S fluctuation shown by Paytan et al. (1998) and that expected from ACEX data. Continuous δ34S record of pelagic calcareous ooze or micritic carbonate collected by ODP, IODP is obtained from analyses of CAS (carbonate-associated sulfate). We tried to acquire δ34S values of both barite and CAS from identical sample but it could be achieved only from single sample of equatorial Pacific. Enough CAS data have been obtained from ODP Sites 1258, 1259 (Equatorial Atlantic) and Sites 1262, 1263, 1265, 1267 (South Atlantic) to draw a temporal variation of δ34S with CAS for Early-Middle Eocene. The fluctuation exhibited considerable decoupling with that of Paytan et al. (1998) showing gradual shift over >5 myr with the magnitude smaller than 5‰ instead of abrupt change as large as 5‰. The time interval for δ34S shift is concordant with that for pyrite deposition on Arctic seafloor and well explained by outflow water from Arctic discussed by Ogawa et al. (2009). Abrupt δ34S shift at 50 Ma shown in Paytan et al. (1998) could reflect local heterogeneity of sulfur isotopic composition of oceanic sulfate around eastern equatorial Atlantic during this period.