JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[JJ] Oral

M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS23] [JJ] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Tue. May 23, 2017 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM IC (International Conference Hall 2F)

convener:Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Chairperson:Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University)

11:30 AM - 11:45 AM

[MIS23-28] Characterization of Carboniferous sulfate mineral deposits in central Thailand

*Junichiro Kuroda1,2, Hidetoshi Hara3, Katsumi Ueno4, Thasinee Charoentitirat5, Teruyuki Maruoka6, Takashi Miyazaki2, Akira Miyahigashi4, Stefano Lugli7 (1.Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo, 2.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), 3.Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 4.Department of Earth System Science, Faculty of Science, Fukuoka University, 5.Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, 6.Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 7.Dipartimento di Scienze Ghimiche e Geologiche, Universitá degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia)

Keywords:Carboniferous, sulfate evaporite, strontium isotope, sulfur isotope

We present petrographic and geochemical data of sulfate mineral deposits in northeast Nakhon Sawan, central Thailand, and provide new constraints on their age and depositional environments. The deposits are made up of a layered anhydrite in the lower part, and strongly deformed nodular and massive gypsum in the upper part. They are intruded by andesitic dikes that contain Middle Triassic zircons (ca 240 Ma). These dikes are probably part of the regional magmatic activity of the Sukhothai Arc during the Early to Middle Triassic. Sulfur (δ34S) and strontium (87Sr/86Sr) isotopic compositions of the sulfates range from 15.86‰ to 16.26‰ and from 0.70810 to 0.70817, respectively. Comparisons with the Phanerozoic seawater isotopic evolution curve indicate that those values are best explained by precipitation from seawater during the Serpukhovian (ca 326 Ma) in the Late Mississippian epoch of the Carboniferous period (Kuroda et al., 2017). This is consistent with previous studies of calcareous fossils in the limestones that crop out around this site (Ueno and Charoentitirat, 2011). Our interpretation is that evaporitic gypsum was originally precipitated from hypersaline seawater on a shallow lagoon or shelf on the Khao Khwang Platform during the Serpukhovian, and that this gypsum changed to anhydrite during early burial. The anhydrite was then cut by andesitic dikes during the Middle Triassic, and more recently the upper part of which was rehydrated during exhumation to form secondary gypsum near the surface. In the presentation we will also discuss the relationship of this sulfate mineral deposits with that in the northeastern Thailand (Surakotra et al., 2017).

Kuroda, J., Hara, H., Ueno, K. et al. (2017) Characterization of sulfate mineral deposits in central Thailand. Island Arc, in press. doi: 10.1111/iar.12175.
Surakotra, N., Pisutha-Arnond, V., and Warren, J.K. (2005) Some Characteristics of Gypsum-Anhydrite Deposit in the Loei-Wang Saphung, Northeastern Thailand. In L. Wannakao, W. Youngme, K. Srisuk, and R. Lertsirivorakul (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Geology, Geotechnology and Mineral Resources of INDOCHINA (GEOINDO 2005), pp. 421–430.
Ueno, K., and Charoentitirat, T. (2011) Carboniferous and Permian. In M.F. Ridd, A.J. Barber, and M.J. Crow (Eds.), The Geology of Thailand, pp. 71–136, Geol. Soc. London.