11:30 AM - 11:45 AM
[PPS07-03] Variations of Io's volcanic activity seen in Jupiter's extended sodium nebula
Keywords:Io, Jupiter, volcanism
These sodium atoms seem to be originated from sodium chloride in Io's volcanic gas. This gas becomes Io's ionospheric plasma. Pick-up of these NaCl+ ions from Io's ionosphere and their subsequent destruction in the plasma torus produces fast from of neutral sodium atoms, then Jupiter's sodium nebula is formed. This sodium nebula can be observed from the ground using small telescopes.
We have been making observations of Jupiter's sodium nebula atop Heleakala in Maui island, Hawaii, and found the nebula shows variations that seem to correspond to those in Io's volcanic activity. Since 2013, we have been making the observations in conjunctions with the Hisaki and Juno spacecraft. The most distinct event during this campaign was seen in 2015. Other than this, several minor enhancements were observed.
In this presentation, we will show latest sodium data that is representative of Io's volcanism. Also, comparisons of the sodium data with Hisaki’s torus data and Io's infrared observations will be shown.