JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2017

Presentation information

[EE] Poster

S (Solid Earth Sciences) » S-IT Science of the Earth's Interior & Tectonophysics

[S-IT22] [EE] Interaction and Coevolution of the Core and Mantle in the Earth and Planets

Sun. May 21, 2017 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL7)

convener:Taku Tsuchiya(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), Hidenori Terasaki(Graduate School of Science, Osaka University), Madhusoodhan Satish-Kumar(Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, Niigata University), Tetsuo Irifune(Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University), John Hernlund(Earth-Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Eiji Ohtani(Department of Earth and Planetary Materials Science, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University)

[SIT22-P40] Sound velocity of iron-nickel alloys determined by femtosecond acoustic measurement in diamond anvil cell

*Tatsuya Wakamatsu1, Kenji Ohta1, Kei Hirose2, Takashi Yagi3 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Earth Life Science Institute, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 3.National Metrology Institute of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology,)

Keywords:core, sound velocity, iron-nickel alloy, high pressure

Iron-nickel (Fe-Ni) alloy is believed to be a major component of the Earth's core based on the cosmochemical models and the studies of iron meteorites, although accurate chemical composition of the Earth’s core is still unknown. Comparison between seismic wave velocity profile in the Earth and laboratory data of sound velocity of Fe alloys enables us to decipher chemical composition and comprising minerals there. Acoustic velocity of Fe0.92Ni0.08 has been obtained from nuclear resonant inelastic x-ray scattering (Lin et al., 2003), while experimental study on sound velocity of Fe-Ni alloy has not been performed in a wide range of nickel content. Here we measured longitudinal wave velocities of Fe, Fe0.95Ni0.05 and Fe0.85Ni0.15 up to 61 GPa and 300 K by means of a femtosecond acoustic technique in a diamond anvil cell (Decremps et al., 2014). The obtained sound velocity of Fe is in good agreement with previous studies. We also found that the acoustic velocities of iron-nickel alloys are slightly lower than that of pure iron.

Lin, J. et al. Iron Nickel alloy in the Earth’s core. Geophys Res Lett 29,(2002).
Decremps, F. et al. Sound velocity of iron up to 152 GPa by picosecond acoustics in diamond anvil cell. Geophys Res Lett 41, (2014).