9:30 AM - 9:45 AM
▼ [15a-501-3] Increase of tunneling magnetoresistance in trilayer structures composed of group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge1-xFex, MgO, and Fe
Keywords: ferromagnetic semiconductor, tunneling magnetoresistance
We have grown Fe / MgO (3 nm)/ Ge1-xFex (x = 6.5%, 10.5%, 14%, 17.5%) / Ge:B (B: 4 × 1019 cm-3) on p+ Ge (001) substrates by MBE. When x ≥ 10.5%, although the reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) pattern of the MgO layer became broader with increasing x, the RHEED patterns of other layers were streaky. The observed RHEED patterns indicated that the MgO and Fe layers were epitaxially grown on Ge1-xFex with the epitaxial relationship of Fe(001) // MgO(001) // Ge1-xFex(001).
After the growth, an Al layer was deposited on the samples as a top electrode. We patterned mesa diodes with a diameter φ of 15, 60, and 150 μm using photolithography and Ar-ion etching. SiO2 was deposited for passivation. We observed the x dependence of the TMR ratio. Compared with the previous research, the TMR ratio was increased by changing the shape and size of the mesa diodes from a square with the size of 700×700 μm2 to the circle with φ = 60 μm when x = 6.5%. The TMR ratio became maximum at x = 10.5%, which is probably due to the enhancement of the ferromagnetic ordering in GeFe. The decrease in the TMR ratio at higher x can be attributed to the degradation of the crystallinity of the MgO layer by the increase in x.