The 64th JSAP Spring Meeting, 2017

Presentation information

Oral presentation

10 Spintronics and Magnetics » 10.4 Semiconductor spintronics, superconductor, multiferroics

[15a-501-1~10] 10.4 Semiconductor spintronics, superconductor, multiferroics


Wed. Mar 15, 2017 9:00 AM - 12:00 PM 501 (501)

Jun Okabayashi(The Univ. of Tokyo), Takashi Manago(Fukuoka Univ.)

9:30 AM - 9:45 AM

[15a-501-3] Increase of tunneling magnetoresistance in trilayer structures composed of group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor Ge1-xFex, MgO, and Fe

Kosuke Takiguchi1, Yuki K. Wakabayashi1, Kohei Okamoto1, Yoshisuke Ban1, Masaaki Tanaka1, Shinobu Ohya1 (1.The Univ. of Tokyo)

Keywords: ferromagnetic semiconductor, tunneling magnetoresistance

Group-IV ferromagnetic semiconductor (FMS) Ge1-xFex (GeFe) is a promising material for spin injectors and spin detectors for Si and Ge. GeFe can be epitaxially grown on Si and Ge substrates by low temperature molecular beam epitaxy (LT-MBE) and its conductivity can be controlled from metallic to insulating by boron (B) doping. Recently, tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) has been observed in Fe/MgO/Ge0.935Fe0.065 magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) for the first time in MTJs with group-IV FMS, confirming the presence of spin-polarized carriers at the Fermi level in GeFe. However, the TMR ratio reported in the previous research was only 0.27%. Thus, it is necessary to improve TMR in Fe/MgO/GeFe. Here, we show that the TMR ratio is increased up to 1.5% by decreasing the size of the mesa diodes and by increasing the Fe concentration x of Ge1-xFex.
We have grown Fe / MgO (3 nm)/ Ge1-xFex (x = 6.5%, 10.5%, 14%, 17.5%) / Ge:B (B: 4 × 1019 cm-3) on p+ Ge (001) substrates by MBE. When x ≥ 10.5%, although the reflection high energy electron diffraction (RHEED) pattern of the MgO layer became broader with increasing x, the RHEED patterns of other layers were streaky. The observed RHEED patterns indicated that the MgO and Fe layers were epitaxially grown on Ge1-xFex with the epitaxial relationship of Fe[100](001) // MgO[110](001) // Ge1-xFex[100](001).
After the growth, an Al layer was deposited on the samples as a top electrode. We patterned mesa diodes with a diameter φ of 15, 60, and 150 μm using photolithography and Ar-ion etching. SiO2 was deposited for passivation. We observed the x dependence of the TMR ratio. Compared with the previous research, the TMR ratio was increased by changing the shape and size of the mesa diodes from a square with the size of 700×700 μm2 to the circle with φ = 60 μm when x = 6.5%. The TMR ratio became maximum at x = 10.5%, which is probably due to the enhancement of the ferromagnetic ordering in GeFe. The decrease in the TMR ratio at higher x can be attributed to the degradation of the crystallinity of the MgO layer by the increase in x.