[SIT23-06] Equation of State for Liquid Iron under Extreme Conditions
Keywords:liquid iron, equation of state, density, sound velocity, high pressure
We determined the ρ of liquid iron up to 116 GPa and 4350 K based on in-situ x-ray diffraction measurements at BL10XU, SPring-8 . A new analytical method was applied to derive ρ from the diffuse x-ray scattering signals from the liquid. We also obtained the VP of liquid iron up to 45 GPa by inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS) measurements in the LH-DAC at BL43LXU, SPring-8 . From our new data combined with previous shock-wave data, we obtained the P–T–ρ–VP–γ relation for the Earth’s entire outer core conditions. Compared to the ρ, VP, and adiabatic bulk modulus (KS) of liquid iron calculated along the isentrope with TICB (the temperature at the inner core boundary) = 5400 K, the Earth’s outer core have 7.5–7.6% lower ρ, 3.7–4.4% higher VP but an almost identical KS.
Seismology gives the density difference between the liquid and solid core at the ICB; ΔρICB = 0.55–0.82 g/cm3 (e.g., ). Our results show that liquid iron is less dense than hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) iron  by = 0.32 g/cm3 at 330 GPa and its melting point of 6230 K . This is approximately half of the observed ΔρICB, indicating that the remaining 0.23–0.50 g/cm3 (corresponding to 1.9–4.1% of the outer core density at the ICB) should be attributed to a compositional difference between the outer and inner core.
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